Borgia Lucrezia Frauenschicksale aus dem 15. und 16. Jahrhundert
Lucrezia Borgia war eine italienisch-spanische Renaissancefürstin und die uneheliche Tochter Papst Alexanders VI. mit seiner Geliebten Vanozza de’ Cattanei. Sie war die Schwester von Cesare, Juan und Jofré Borgia. Lucrezia Borgia [luˈkrɛtːsi̯a ˈbɔrdʒa] (lat. Lucretia Borgia; span./kat. Lucrecia Borja; * April in Rom oder Subiaco; † Juni in Belriguardo. Lucrezia Borgia ist ein deutscher Historien- und Stummfilm aus dem Jahre Unter der Regie von Richard Oswald spielen Liane Haid (in der Titelrolle). Ihrem Vater Papst Alexander VI. diente sie als Geliebte, ihrem Bruder Cesare assistierte sie bei Orgien. So ist Lucrezia Borgia in die. Noch heute gilt die Tochter von Papst Alexander VI. als Giftmischerin, Ehebrecherin, Blutschänderin. Das wird Lucrezia Borgia nicht gerecht.
Noch heute gilt die Tochter von Papst Alexander VI. als Giftmischerin, Ehebrecherin, Blutschänderin. Das wird Lucrezia Borgia nicht gerecht. Die Papsttochter und Renaissance-Fürstin Lucrezia Borgia: Sie galt als Femme fatale und Teil des infernalischen Trios der Borgias. (picture. Lucrezia Borgia [luˈkrɛtːsi̯a ˈbɔrdʒa] (lat. Lucretia Borgia; span./kat. Lucrecia Borja; * April in Rom oder Subiaco; † Juni in Belriguardo.
Eventually, Giovanni agreed to the annulment in exchange for keeping the substantial dowry Lucrezia had brought to the marriage.
Lucrezia, age 21, married Alfonso d'Aragon by proxy on June 28, , and in person on July A feast much like that at her first marriage celebrated this second wedding.
The second marriage soured more quickly than the first. Only a year later, other alliances were tempting the Borgias. Alfonso left Rome, but Lucrezia talked him into returning.
She was appointed governor of Spoleto. On November 1, , she gave birth to Alfonso's son, naming him Rodrigo after her father.
On July 15 of the next year, Alfonso survived an assassination attempt. He had been at the Vatican and was on his way home when hired killers stabbed him repeatedly.
He managed to make it home, where Lucrezia cared for him and hired armed guards to protect him. About a month later on August 18, Cesare Borgia visited Alfonso, who was recuperating, promising to "complete" that which had not been finished earlier.
Cesare returned later with another man, cleared the room, and, as the other man later recounted the story, had his associate strangle or smother Alfonso to death.
Lucrezia was devastated by the death of her husband. After returning to Rome, Lucrezia began to work in the Vatican at her father's side.
She handled the pope's mail and even answered it when he was not in town. A still-young daughter of the pope remained a prime candidate for an arranged marriage to solidify Borgia power.
The eldest son, and presumed heir, of the Duke of Ferrara was a recent widower. The Borgias saw this as an opportunity for an alliance with a region that was physically between their current power base and another they wanted to add to the family's lands.
Ercole d'Este, the Duke of Ferrara, was understandably hesitant to marry his son, Alfonso d'Este, to a woman whose first two marriages had ended in scandal and death, or to marry their more established family to the newly powerful Borgias.
Ercole d'Este was allied with the king of France, who wanted the alliance with the Pope. The Pope threatened Ercole with the loss of his lands and title if he did not consent.
Ercole drove a hard bargain before consenting to the marriage in exchange for a very large dowry, a position in the church for his son, some additional lands, and reduced payments to the church.
Ercole even considered marrying Lucrezia himself if his son Alfonso did not agree to the marriage—but Alfonso did. In January, she traveled with 1, in attendance to Ferrara, and on February 2, the two were married in person in another luxurious ceremony.
The summer of was oppressively hot and mosquitos were rampant. Lucrezia's father died unexpectedly of malaria on August 18, , ending the Borgia plans for solidifying power.
Cesare was also infected but survived, but he was too ill at his father's death to move quickly to secure treasure for his family. Cesare was supported by Pius III, the next pope, but that pope died after 26 days in office.
Giuliano Della Rovere, who had been a rival of Alexander and long an enemy of the Borgias, tricked Cesare into supporting his election as pope, but as Julius II , he reneged on his promises to Cesare.
The Vatican apartments of the Borgia family were sealed by Julius, who was revolted by the scandalous behavior of his predecessor.
The main responsibility of a Renaissance ruler's wife was to bear children, who would in turn either rule or be married into other families to cement alliances.
Lucrezia was pregnant at least 11 times during her marriage to Alfonso. There were several miscarriages and at least one stillborn child, and two others died in infancy.
Five other children survived infancy, and two—Ercole and Ippolito—lived to adulthood. In Ferrara, Lucrezia associated with artists and writers, including the poet Ariosto, and helped bring many to the court, distant as it was from the Vatican.
Poet Pietro Bembo was one of those she patronized and, judging from the letters surviving to him, it's possible the two had an affair.
Recent studies have shown that during her years in Ferrara, Lucrezia was also a shrewd businesswoman, building up her own fortune quite successfully.
She used some of her wealth to build hospitals and convents, winning the respect of her subjects. She invested in marshy land, then drained it and recovered it for agricultural use.
Rumors of incest with Cesare have chased her through the centuries, and events such as the birth of her mysterious baby, the death of her second husband at the hands of assassins, and her attendance of the Banquet of Chestnuts an orgy hosted by Cesare Borgia involving 50 prostitutes and countless members of the clergy have only added to the persona.
Borgia may have been as much a casualty of her family's machinations as anyone else who fell victim to them. We strive for accuracy and fairness.
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