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Die berüchtigte Pariser Vorstadt Banlieue 13 ist im Jahr von einer hohen Mauer umgeben, nachdem die französische Innenpolitik versagt hat. Niemand kommt in den Stadtteil hinein oder aus diesem heraus. Dafür sorgen schwer bewaffnete. Ghettogangz – Die Hölle vor Paris (auch: Banlieue 13 – Anschlag auf Paris, Originaltitel: Banlieue 13, englischsprachiger Vertrieb: District 13) ist ein. Ghettogangz 2 – Ultimatum (Originaltitel: Banlieue 13 – Ultimatum, englischsprachiger Vertrieb: District B13 Ultimatum) ist ein französischer Film aus dem Jahr. ystadoperan.se - Kaufen Sie Ghettogangz - Die Hölle vor Paris günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und. Ghettogangz. (43)1h 21min Paris Gangs regieren die abgegrenzten Ghettos in den Vorstädten. Taha, Boss der einflussreichsten Gang, hat eine.

ghetto gangs

Ghettogangz – Die Hölle vor Paris (auch: Banlieue 13 – Anschlag auf Paris, Originaltitel: Banlieue 13, englischsprachiger Vertrieb: District 13) ist ein. Ghettogangz. (43)1h 21min Paris Gangs regieren die abgegrenzten Ghettos in den Vorstädten. Taha, Boss der einflussreichsten Gang, hat eine. Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Ghettogangz - die Hölle vor Paris bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel!

Ghetto Gangs - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Deutscher Titel. FSK 16 [1]. Jump Around. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Brandneu: niedrigster preis. Tatsächlich schaffen es die beiden, sich während eines Gefangenentransports zu befreien, sich des Wachpersonals zu entledigen und in das Ghetto zu gelangen. Februar zu sehen. Ghettogangz - Die Hölle vor Paris ein Film von Pierre Morel mit Cyril Raffaelli, David Belle. Inhaltsangabe: Paris in einer alternativen Variante des Jahres Jetzt Ghettogangz - Die Hölle vor Paris / Ghettogangz 2 - Ultimatum - (DVD) im SATURN Onlineshop kaufen ✓Günstiger Versand & Kostenlose Marktabholung. Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Ghettogangz - die Hölle vor Paris bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Find Ghettogangz - Die Hölle vor Paris / Ghettogangz 2 - Ultimatum at Amazon.​com Movies & TV, home of thousands of titles on DVD and Blu-ray. But it doesn't matter, for he is fated to be a i am legend kinox statistic. The classic work on the subject is still Frederick Thrasher's The Gang, a Chicago study first published in and still a benchmark for contemporary researchers because in some fundamental ways gangs have not changed. Instead of offering tangible support to women like Brenda, or even ghetto gangs, to a teenage crack addict whose baby is neglected, the larger society makes the helicopters and occasional police car its sky kontakt email and ineffectual response. Capitalism offers few, if any, moral cautions against moderate risk-taking -- read more point underscored by the peccadilloes of such presumably exemplary capitalists as Wall Street investment bankers and Sunbelt savings and loan executives. Your donation keeps this site free and open for all to continue reading. ghetto gangs ghetto gangs

Ghetto Gangs Video

LOS ANGELES WORST HOODS AT NIGHT Februar war https://ystadoperan.se/hd-filme-stream-online/stream-pro-7.php den französischen und More info Kinos zu sehen. Aber das kann man ja fast schon erwarten wenn Luc Besson irgendwie seine Finger im Spiel hat ; Wer Autorenkino erwartet, der ist source sicher fehl am Platz. Im Stadtteil selbst herrscht Chaos, es gibt keine Rechtsordnung mehr, keine Polizei, selbst die Schulen wurden geschlossen. Ich hatte deshalb die unverbesserlichen viel erwartet,hat mich aber dann doch positiv überrascht,besonders was myvideo filme auf Parkourszenen angeht. Ghettogangz - Die Hölle vor Paris. Bewerte : 0. November feierte er in Frankreich seine Premiere. Niemand kommt in den Stadtteil hinein oder aus diesem heraus. Die problemat Ghettogangz - die Hölle just click for source Paris. Möchte ich sehen. Banlieue 13 ist visit web page unterhaltsamer Film. Viele Stunts click to see more wie bereits im ersten Teil von den Traceuren selbst dargestellt. Zum Trailer. Lange war es still um "Brick Mansions", das amerikanische Remake des französischen Action-Krimis "Banlieue 13" deutscher Ghettogangz - Die Hölle vor Paris. Deshalb inszeniert eine korrupte Polizeieinheit einen Mord an zwei Streifenpolizisten in der Banlieue

It is also a highly polished sociological analysis and interpretive story of why youngsters join gangs, why gangs accept them, how gangs are organized, and how they relate to the community, law enforcement, and the media.

To understand gangs, Sanchez Jankowski argues, one must first understand that their members differ from their neighborhood fellows.

Not all youth seek to join gangs, nor are gangs open to every youngster. Relying on Erich Fromm's concept of "social character," Sanchez Jankowski portrays gang members as especially defiant, competitive individualists -- tough, wary, self-reliant survivors who join gangs because they calculate that joining will improve their income, status, and safety.

Thus they resist outside attempts to talk them out of gang membership: "they have already considered that possibility. The rational understanding that their strength lies in organization explains how a group of defiant loners can hang together.

The gang is also, in Sanchez Jankowski's vision, a rational calculating organization. It decides on how many members it needs, where to recruit, whom to accept.

Joining a gang is rather like joining a business. Some gangs are organized vertically, with a dear hierarchy of leadership, rank, and obligation.

Others are horizontally organized, that is, with several relatively equal decision makers. A third type pretends informality but actually has an observable leader who makes the decisions.

While earlier generations of sociologists saw gangs as relatively loose, incohesive groups, Sanchez Jankowski sees them as far tighter and more purposeful organizations.

The two visions may, however, be compatible. In interviews with members of two Los Angeles gangs, Crips and Bloods, I have been told that while hard-core members make the gang's decisions, there are neighborhood youth who wear the colors and identify with the gangs but are really not full-fledged members.

The sociologist Lewis Yablonsky once called this wider circle a "near-group. In his work, the concept "gang" refers to a discernible and purposeful organization conveying a strong personal identity.

That hard core is what Sanchez Jankowski means when he uses the term "gang. Gangs, he argues, have a "delicate and capricious" relationship with the neighborhoods where they are located.

In some Chicano neighborhoods in Los Angeles, children, parents, and even grandparents have belonged to the same gang. Although the adults fear and disapprove of the violence of today's gangs, they take pride in the tradition of gang membership.

In my own work with police and gangs over the years, I have found much the same kind of community ambivalence toward gangs.

People who live in the projects fear the gangs, but gang members are often the sons and nephews of the very people who fear them.

Thousands of Oakland, California, residents turned out for the funeral of Felix Mitchell, the Al Capone of Oakland's drug scene, after he was assassinated by rival inmates while in custody in federal prison.

In this respect, as Sanchez Jankowski observes, people in gang neighborhoods may identify with gangs and their "resistance" to the authorities.

And gangs sometimes perform a service, by protecting the property and persons of community residents from other gangs.

Still, the gangs can be brutal to people in the community who resist them or threaten to turn them in to the police. For the gangs, it pays to maintain positive relations with neighborhood residents.

The community provides a safe haven for gang members against their antagonists, the police, and other gangs. Police find it extraordinarily difficult to infiltrate youth gangs, because recruitment takes place among friends, relatives, and "homeboys" within the neighborhood.

Police can persuade some gang members to turn on others after they have been arrested, but rarely, if ever, have I heard of local police introducing an informer into a gang, as the FBI has occasionally succeeded in doing with Mafia families.

Sanchez Jankowski's discussion of the relation of gangs to the government is one of his most interesting and innovative chapters.

Thrasher had found that gangs performed small services and campaign tasks for local political bosses in Chicago in the s.

Sanchez Jankowski found that gangs and politicians maintained direct contacts only in New York and Boston. Politicians in both cities recognized the community ties of the gangs, while gangs recognized that politicians could do favors for them.

Even in Los Angeles, where politicians and gangs were distant from each other and often antagonistic, they maintained an "expedient exchange relationship," with each undertaking activities that met the needs of the other.

Just as the private security industry is the economic beneficiary of criminal activity, so does gang activity tend to generate public support for social programs, which are controlled by street-level politicians.

Contacts between the gangs and politicians are, however, intermittent, since the public image of gangs is so negative. The image of gangs has further declined as gangs have become more involved in the drug trade.

The relation between gangs and drugs is complex. Chicano gangs in Los Angeles are not primarily involved in selling crack cocaine, but they sell other drugs.

Their slight involvement in the crack trade is puzzling since cocaine is grown and processed in Central America and transported through Mexico to New Mexico and Arizona by Spanish-speaking smugglers.

Yet it is sold primarily by African-American youth who may or may not be gang members. Not all gangs sell drugs.

The Los Angeles gangs, composed of neighborhood "sets" of Crips and Bloods, do not sell drugs as a gang, nor are they hierarchically organized.

But many, if not most, of their members do sell drugs, and gang membership offers several advantages to drug sellers.

Gang members are expected to protect other homeboys from police or rival gangs. Members can rely on the gang for physical protection if threatened within or outside gang turf and are better able to control markets within that turf.

Involvement in the drug trade, according to interviews that my students conducted this past summer, seems to have eroded the loyalties of gang members to each other and their neighborhood.

Nevertheless, gang membership still offers advantages, including access to sources of marketing information, such as who is selling which drugs for what price, and where drugs are available.

In illegal markets, where there are no commodity exchanges, marketing information is even more valuable than in legal markets.

For gang members, violence is part of life, but it is not necessarily connected with selling drugs. Sanchez Jankowski finds that much of the aggression is directed at others who challenge the honor or seem to "disrespect" the homeboys.

In the assertive and lawless street world where gang members live, as in the international world of nuclear weapons, the appearance of vulnerability may invite aggression; consequently, the maintenance of "respect" is strategically sensible.

Others in the community, Sanchez Jankowski says, must understand that you do not fear to retaliate if they step over some imaginary line.

Gang members are, as Sanchez Jankowski emphasizes, defiant individualists and outlaw capitalists. Underground social and economic organizations and individuals cannot call the police when they are robbed, or sue when a contract has been breached.

They must defend themselves, and like nations that stock an oversupply of nuclear weapons in the interests of deterrence, gang members need to present an impenetrable exterior to those seen as threatening their status, honor, or economic advantages, especially when they are marketing drugs.

The drug trade is harsh and dangerous, and others in the trade are more threatening than the police, who arrest but do not usually kill or maim.

Nor does the drug trade routinely bestow the easy money so often portrayed by the media. Lower-rung dealers do not drive BMWs, wear gold jewelry, and get rich quick.

They work round the clock, six or seven days a week, for low wages, often enforced by threat of violence. The drug business of gangs is vividly described by Terry Williams, a sociologist who spent more than 1, hours over a period of five years observing a primarily Dominican drug gang in Washington Heights, the upper Broadway locus of Manhattan's drug scene.

Williams's book, The Cocaine Kids , is not nearly as comprehensive or analytically ambitious as Sanchez Jankowski's. But by concentrating on one group of "kids" who are middle-rung dealers, Williams is better able to offer an insider's account of the daily round of life, aspirations, and motivations of drug dealers.

While not denying that the "cocaine kids" are anti-social dealers responsible for death and violence, Williams also portrays them as "struggling young people trying to make a place for themselves in a world few care to understand and many wish would go away.

In their world of limited opportunity, the cocaine kids learn that trade not only to make money, but to show their families and friends they can succeed at something.

Blocked opportunity is also the theme of People and Folks, John Hagedorn's study of gangs, crime, and the underclass in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Of the three books, Hagedorn's is the most emphatic and systematic in linking gang development and behavior to the decline of the traditional American industrial base.

However bad the economy might have been for the black community in Milwaukee during the s and s, the s were worse.

Thirty-five thousand jobs were lost to the Milwaukee area between and The unemployment rate for black workers in was Hagedorn argues that it is important to study gangs locally, and it surely is if one wants to understand the natural history of the local gang, as Thrasher did.

But the story of the economic and social deprivations of African-American youth in Milwaukee is depressingly familiar and similar to patterns in many other American cities.

Between and , real earnings of black males declined by 31 percent as the percentage of black males in the work force continued to decline.

Nearly a fifth of black men in America have spent time in jail or prison, and minorities populate our jails and prisons far in excess of their percentages in the population.

In all of the gang studies reported here, the ganging together of youth is fundamentally a response to social conditions.

Male bonding groups and delinquency exist in all communities. But gangs are a correlate of impoverishment, blocked economic opportunity, and social disintegration.

As Thrasher's work shows, this pattern is long standing. The distinctive element now is an explosive combination of drugs, advanced weaponry, de facto racial segregation, and severely declining economic opportunity.

As we move from an industrial economy that promised jobs to a broad range of workers, to a post-industrial world that increasingly offers rich rewards to skilled professionals but low-paying service jobs to the least educated, we see an increase in economic inequality as well as in poverty.

The Reagan years also have reduced such opportunities as "jobs for youth" and other social programs as alternatives for potential gang kids.

Commenting on the decline of factory jobs, Terry Williams said recently in an interview: "Without these options they turn to the illegal world.

Funny how most of these places Troy and Utica excluded have an extra Ddose of Ddiversity…. Well…Utica and Troy are sister cities…former industrial centers raped by flight of industry to the south for cheap labor, and to foreign countries for even cheaper.

Moving the prisons in here also encouraged families of criminals to come on up the river.. Next, downstate interests in Albany cut us out of population aid by not counting the prisoners as OUR population.

How stupid. Yeah, things have been tough here, but, a combination of hard development work and cyclical boom have us on the rise in Utica.

My family and I have been here since with a family operated an insurance agency still extant and thriving. Read the science.

Air and water are incredibly good. Then go to Raleigh NC where the guys are who wrote the hatchet job on our towns.

Brentwood and Central Islip are filled with MS13 and other miscreants. And Wyandanch is probably the worst hood around.

And there is this little crap hole called Roosevelt that no same person goes through at night. And not surprisingly, the dump called Hempstead is next door to Garden City, on of the wealthiest places in the country.

You guys are disgusting , last time I checked Uniondale is not even close to being ghetto. Shame on you!!

Efore you go bad mouthing a beautiful city; you dhould research your facts. New corporations have chosen Utica because of its affordability.

We are almost miles away. While we might have issues with drugs and gangs its not any worse than anyplace else.

A big part of our problem is that surrounding counties send all of their welfare people to our area. They have Monticello as number one and Middletown as number two but Newburgh as number 8.

No Rochester, Buffalo, or Syracuse? Nowhere in the Bronx or uptown Manhattan? This list is a joke. I am very aware that this article is 4 months shy of being a year old.

Yet, I could not resist posting a response. And, in doing so, are condemning the population that lives there.

Are you aware of where the first ghetto was? You can live anywhere and be cultured, creative and successful. Gentrification is happening all over the U.

Sad that 25K is poverty level. I work in a public school as an aide. I make less than that and I am full time.

It is a NY state public school in a very nice area. How sad that I work in a nice, important place, supported by the government and make such little money.

I own a home in a non ghetto area and have to work a 2nd job to pay my mortgage. New York City?

Is that what you mean? Sure if you can fly lol or have access to transporter that they have on the USS Enterprise.

So yeah…not a good showing…a whole lot of nonsense based on a mountain of crap. You guys should stick to giving opinions on things you actually know.

He is best known for his tribute songs dedicated to the memories of fallen members of the Ghetto Boyz Gang. You must log in to post a comment.

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It also referred to Newburgh as a place where drugs are openly sold, where gangs thrive, and where residents are afraid to walk on the streets, even in the daytime.

Utica has been cited in numerous studies as having one of the highest crime rates in the state of New York.

When you look at the number of high school dropouts, income levels and inner city shopping options, you can see why. We wrote about the 10 Drunkest Cities in New York if you want another interesting read.

Nice that you guys used an alley way in the Troy photo. It completely does not represent Troy at all. I grew up in Liberty, NY, which is also in great decline now.

We had Grossingers, The Concord and many other good hotels. People stopped coming up from the city. Funny how most of these places Troy and Utica excluded have an extra Ddose of Ddiversity….

Well…Utica and Troy are sister cities…former industrial centers raped by flight of industry to the south for cheap labor, and to foreign countries for even cheaper.

Moving the prisons in here also encouraged families of criminals to come on up the river.. Next, downstate interests in Albany cut us out of population aid by not counting the prisoners as OUR population.

How stupid. Yeah, things have been tough here, but, a combination of hard development work and cyclical boom have us on the rise in Utica.

My family and I have been here since with a family operated an insurance agency still extant and thriving. Read the science.

Air and water are incredibly good. Then go to Raleigh NC where the guys are who wrote the hatchet job on our towns. Brentwood and Central Islip are filled with MS13 and other miscreants.

And Wyandanch is probably the worst hood around. And there is this little crap hole called Roosevelt that no same person goes through at night.

And not surprisingly, the dump called Hempstead is next door to Garden City, on of the wealthiest places in the country.

You guys are disgusting , last time I checked Uniondale is not even close to being ghetto. Shame on you!!

Efore you go bad mouthing a beautiful city; you dhould research your facts. New corporations have chosen Utica because of its affordability.

We are almost miles away. While we might have issues with drugs and gangs its not any worse than anyplace else.

A big part of our problem is that surrounding counties send all of their welfare people to our area.

They have Monticello as number one and Middletown as number two but Newburgh as number 8. No Rochester, Buffalo, or Syracuse?

Nowhere in the Bronx or uptown Manhattan? This list is a joke. I am very aware that this article is 4 months shy of being a year old.

Yet, I could not resist posting a response. And, in doing so, are condemning the population that lives there.

Are you aware of where the first ghetto was? You can live anywhere and be cultured, creative and successful. Gentrification is happening all over the U.

Sad that 25K is poverty level. I work in a public school as an aide. During the early s, the Ghetto Gang had a rivalry feud with the 29th Street Gang.

In , members of the Ghetto Boyz shot and killed a member of the 29th Street Gang. The following night, members of the 29th Street Gang retaliated by killing a member of the Ghetto Boyz.

He is best known for his tribute songs dedicated to the memories of fallen members of the Ghetto Boyz Gang. You must log in to post a comment.

Username or Email Address. Don't have an account? To use social login you have to agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website.

Search for: Search. Involvement in the drug trade, according to interviews that my students conducted this past summer, seems to have eroded the loyalties of gang members to each other and their neighborhood.

Nevertheless, gang membership still offers advantages, including access to sources of marketing information, such as who is selling which drugs for what price, and where drugs are available.

In illegal markets, where there are no commodity exchanges, marketing information is even more valuable than in legal markets. For gang members, violence is part of life, but it is not necessarily connected with selling drugs.

Sanchez Jankowski finds that much of the aggression is directed at others who challenge the honor or seem to "disrespect" the homeboys.

In the assertive and lawless street world where gang members live, as in the international world of nuclear weapons, the appearance of vulnerability may invite aggression; consequently, the maintenance of "respect" is strategically sensible.

Others in the community, Sanchez Jankowski says, must understand that you do not fear to retaliate if they step over some imaginary line.

Gang members are, as Sanchez Jankowski emphasizes, defiant individualists and outlaw capitalists. Underground social and economic organizations and individuals cannot call the police when they are robbed, or sue when a contract has been breached.

They must defend themselves, and like nations that stock an oversupply of nuclear weapons in the interests of deterrence, gang members need to present an impenetrable exterior to those seen as threatening their status, honor, or economic advantages, especially when they are marketing drugs.

The drug trade is harsh and dangerous, and others in the trade are more threatening than the police, who arrest but do not usually kill or maim.

Nor does the drug trade routinely bestow the easy money so often portrayed by the media. Lower-rung dealers do not drive BMWs, wear gold jewelry, and get rich quick.

They work round the clock, six or seven days a week, for low wages, often enforced by threat of violence. The drug business of gangs is vividly described by Terry Williams, a sociologist who spent more than 1, hours over a period of five years observing a primarily Dominican drug gang in Washington Heights, the upper Broadway locus of Manhattan's drug scene.

Williams's book, The Cocaine Kids , is not nearly as comprehensive or analytically ambitious as Sanchez Jankowski's.

But by concentrating on one group of "kids" who are middle-rung dealers, Williams is better able to offer an insider's account of the daily round of life, aspirations, and motivations of drug dealers.

While not denying that the "cocaine kids" are anti-social dealers responsible for death and violence, Williams also portrays them as "struggling young people trying to make a place for themselves in a world few care to understand and many wish would go away.

In their world of limited opportunity, the cocaine kids learn that trade not only to make money, but to show their families and friends they can succeed at something.

Blocked opportunity is also the theme of People and Folks, John Hagedorn's study of gangs, crime, and the underclass in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Of the three books, Hagedorn's is the most emphatic and systematic in linking gang development and behavior to the decline of the traditional American industrial base.

However bad the economy might have been for the black community in Milwaukee during the s and s, the s were worse.

Thirty-five thousand jobs were lost to the Milwaukee area between and The unemployment rate for black workers in was Hagedorn argues that it is important to study gangs locally, and it surely is if one wants to understand the natural history of the local gang, as Thrasher did.

But the story of the economic and social deprivations of African-American youth in Milwaukee is depressingly familiar and similar to patterns in many other American cities.

Between and , real earnings of black males declined by 31 percent as the percentage of black males in the work force continued to decline.

Nearly a fifth of black men in America have spent time in jail or prison, and minorities populate our jails and prisons far in excess of their percentages in the population.

In all of the gang studies reported here, the ganging together of youth is fundamentally a response to social conditions.

Male bonding groups and delinquency exist in all communities. But gangs are a correlate of impoverishment, blocked economic opportunity, and social disintegration.

As Thrasher's work shows, this pattern is long standing. The distinctive element now is an explosive combination of drugs, advanced weaponry, de facto racial segregation, and severely declining economic opportunity.

As we move from an industrial economy that promised jobs to a broad range of workers, to a post-industrial world that increasingly offers rich rewards to skilled professionals but low-paying service jobs to the least educated, we see an increase in economic inequality as well as in poverty.

The Reagan years also have reduced such opportunities as "jobs for youth" and other social programs as alternatives for potential gang kids.

Commenting on the decline of factory jobs, Terry Williams said recently in an interview: "Without these options they turn to the illegal world.

If there wasn't already an illegal market in this case, drug dealing they would have to create one. The risks of drug dealing, as the RAND study, Money From Crime , finds, are quite high, but drug dealers pass on the costs through high prices.

About half of the average drug dealer's earnings can be considered as compensation for "incurring the risk of imprisonment or of Capitalism offers few, if any, moral cautions against moderate risk-taking -- a point underscored by the peccadilloes of such presumably exemplary capitalists as Wall Street investment bankers and Sunbelt savings and loan executives.

Although the wrongs of the rich do not justify the wrongs of the poor, they send a message of widespread rule breaking.

Capitalism needs moral and regulatory institutions, whether religious or secular, to restrain risk takers at every rung of the social ladder.

The criminal law is one of these institutions, but it works effectively only when most of us accept it as a moral force.

Most of us do not refrain from killing, robbing, and raping because we expect punishment for crime, but because we believe those acts are morally wrong.

In the Hobbesian world of gang enterprise, the criminal law must rely primarily on its capacity to deter through threat of punishment. The threat simply does not work very well.

Gang members are young and tough, and risks of arrest and imprisonment are already quite high. Moreover, as the RAND study found, "Death and serious injury resulting from the actions of other participants [in the drug trade] may be more important in determining both who participates and what they earn than are risks imposed by the criminal justice system.

By now, we have become all too familiar with the fact that black-on-black homicide is the leading cause of death of black males between the ages of eighteen and thirty-four.

How that appalling fact came to be, and what might be done about it, is the theme of John Singleton's film Boyz n the Hood. Although sometimes slow-moving and predictable, the film created by the twenty-three-year-old Singleton is a compelling, profoundly disturbing, yet marginally hopeful vision of life in south Central Los Angeles.

Unlike the less interesting, more commercial, and violent film Colors , which portrays gangs with mythic, almost comic-book, caricature, Boyz n the Hood pictures gangs as an ominous, ever-looming homicidal threat to the lives and stability of community residents, but mostly to boys and young men.

For those young men, the gang is an enticing, deadly social force accounting for the stark statistic shown at the beginning of the film: "One out of every 21 black American males will be murdered in their lifetime.

Most will have died at the hands of another black male. Police helicopters buzz overhead, and the cops themselves are a hapless, insulting, and dangerous enemy.

The plot evolves around the coming of age of three friends. At the heart of the story is Tre Cuba Gooding, Jr. While Tre has been modeling himself on the defiant and aggressive styles of the gangs, his father is intent upon transforming him into an accomplished, middle-class professional, with concerns for the African-American world of his roots.

Tre meets and grows up with two half-brothers, Ricky, played as young man by Morris Chestnut, and Doughboy, acted brilliantly by former N.

Each boy represents an aspect of young black manhood. Tre is intelligent and thoughtful, the sort of young man who could attend college but is also susceptible to being lured into the world of the gangs.

In the absence of a strong father, Singleton suggests, that is where Tre would go. Ricky has the kind of athletic ability that can provide an avenue out of the ghetto.

A marginal student, he is just good enough to meet the minimal requirements for an athletic scholarship. Yet Ricky understands that he may not develop into a star in big-time college football.

His half-brother, Doughboy, is a gang member and drug dealer, both a protector and a threat to the neighborhood.

Aside from Ice Cube, the most memorable and compelling character is Ricky and Doughboy's mother, Brenda Tyra Farrell , a single black woman who has had a life of hard times and good times with men and alcohol.

Angry, street smart, and street tough, with a vocabulary that might shock a longshoreman, Brenda nonetheless remains warm, caring, and vulnerable as a mother.

Unlike Tre's mother, who has made it out of the ghetto to enter the world of the young, urban professional, Brenda typifies the single black mother struggling to raise young men in the chaos of the gang culture and drug dealing of the neighborhood.

For Singleton, the single black woman is the victim of the sexist, irresponsible, and violent culture of the streets. Doughboy, the gang member, is so sexist he doesn't "get it" when his girlfriend asks him why he calls all women "bitches" and "hos," which is obviously also his opinion of his own mother.

At the same time, he and the other male gang members are supremely sensitive to any hint of "disrespect. Yet, as the title suggests, the boys are the products of the 'hood, and the neighborhood is the by-product of the larger society.

Instead of offering tangible support to women like Brenda, or even worse, to a teenage crack addict whose baby is neglected, the larger society makes the helicopters and occasional police car its primary and ineffectual response.

But the 'hood, as shown by Singleton, is by no means all bad. Outside the constraints of gang membership, the boys are complex and even caring.

They are disgusted with a young crack addict mother and show concern for the safety of her baby. They are tied by strong bonds of loyalty to one another and generously support each other's needs and aspirations.

Yet the film also shows other young African-American men, much like themselves, who are their rivals, waiting for them to make the slightest insult, the punishment for which is death.

The movie's most positive character is Tre's father, Furious Styles, whose very name combines several strains of confident and assertive black manhood.

Only seventeen years older than Tre, Furious is determined to discipline him, to turn him into a stellar and achieving person. When we are introduced to Furious, he is lifting weights, and he owns and knows how to use a gun.

Furious understands that the 'hood is a dangerous place. Gangs rule the territory, addicts will rob your house, and the cops will not only fail to protect you but harass you as well.

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